Fars province is one of the southern provinces of the country. Throughout history it has always been one of the centers for the expansion of the Persian civilization, which spread and became known in different parts of the world. This province has changed hands between many dynasties, a great deal of ancient and historical monuments have remained, each of which has preserved its value as world heritage and tells the history of the province and the west of Asia. Valuable historical monuments such as, Pasargade, Persepolis, Bishapur, Shahre Gour, Palace of Ardashir Babakan and etc represent the shining culture and civilization of Iran’s history. The fame of the Iranian gardens, which were known as paradise during Achaemenian era, were mostly at Fars province. Several designs of cedar trees that are carved on the stairways of Persepolis show that the mentioned palaces used to be located on the grounds of these vast gardens and woodlands. Even now some of the gardens of this province such as the Eram Garden is world renowned and has been registered by UNESCO. Fars province is one of the provinces that has the highest nomadic population in the country.